50 Most Influential Books of the Last 50 (or so) Years

Frosti
来自: Frosti (珠海) 2010-10-25 14:59:06创建   2010-10-25 17:45:10更新
Book list, introductions and reviews are presented by www.superscholar.org

Link: http://www.superscholar.org/features/50-most-influential-books-last-50-years/

In compiling the books on this list, the editors at SuperScholar have tried to provide a window into the culture of the last 50 years. Ideally, if you read every book on this list, you will know how we got to where we are today.

The books we chose required some hard choices. Because influence tends to be measured in years rather than months, it’s much easier to put older books (published in the 60s and 70s) on such a list than more recent books (published in the last decade). Older books have had more time to prove themselves. Selecting the more recent books required more guesswork, betting on which would prove influential in the long run.

We also tried to keep a balance between books that everyone buys and hardly anyone reads versus books that, though not widely bought and read, are deeply transformative. The Grateful Dead and Frank Zappa never sold as many records as some of the “one-hit wonders,” but their music has transformed the industry. Influence and popularity sometimes don’t go together. We’ve tried to reflect this in our list.
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(6人评价)
作者: Mohammad Yunus / Alan Jolis / Muhammad Yunus
出版社: Aurum Press Ltd
出版年: 1998-10-22
评语:Muhammad Yunus’ Banker to the Poor (1999, last edition 2007) lays out how “micro-lending” made it possible to provide credit to the poor, thereby offering a viable way to significantly diminish world poverty.
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8.7 (96人评价)
作者: Malcolm X / Alex Haley
出版社: Ballantine Books
出版年: 1975
评语:Malcolm X’s The Autobiography of Malcolm X (1965), written posthumously by Alex Haley from interviews, portrays a complex activist for human rights at a complex time in American history.
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(11人评价)
作者: Edward O. Wilson
出版社: Belknap Press
出版年: 2000-3-4
评语:E. O. Wilson’s Sociobiology (1975) challenged the idea that cultural evolution can be decoupled from biological evolution, thus engendering the fields of evolutionary psychology and evolutionary ethics.【心愿单暂缺此书】
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8.2 (67人评价)
作者: James D. Watson
出版社: W. W. Norton & Company
出版年: 1980-10-17
评语:James D. Watson’s The Double Helix (1969), in presenting a personal account of his discovery, with Francis Crick, of the structure of DNA, not only recounted one of the 20th century’s greatest scientific discoveries but also showed how science, as a human
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(1人评价)
作者: Anonymous
出版社: bnpublishing.com
出版年: 2008-03-25
评语:Mao Tse-tung’s The Little Red Book, aka Quotations From Chairman Mao (1966) was required reading throughout China and epitomized his political and social philosophy.
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8.0 (798人评价)
作者: [美] 纳西姆•尼古拉斯•塔勒布
出版社: Random House
出版年: 2007-4-17
评语:Nassim Taleb’s The Black Swan (2007, last edition 2010) provides the most trenchant critique to date of the financial and monetary backdrop to the current economic crisis.
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评语:Benjamin Spock’s The Common Sense Book of Baby and Child Care (1946, last edition 2004) sold 50 million copies and revolutionized how Americans raise their children.【心愿单暂缺此书】
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8.3 (60人评价)
作者: Hernando De Soto
出版社: Basic Books
出版年: 2003-7-9
评语:Hernando de Soto’s The Mystery of Capitalism (2000) argues that the absence of legal infrastructure, especially as it relates to property, is the key reason that capitalism fails when it does fail.
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(3人评价)
作者: Aleksandr I. Solzhenitsyn
出版社: Basic Books
出版年: 1997-1-30
评语:Aleksander Solzhenitsyn’s The Gulag Archipelago (in three volumes, 1974-78) relentlessly exposed the totalitarian oppression of the former Soviet Union and, more than any other book, was responsible for its government’s subsequent dissolution.
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(11人评价)
作者: Burrhus Frederic Skinner
出版社: Bantam Books
出版年: 1972-10
评语:B. F. Skinner’s Beyond Freedom and Dignity (1971) attacked free will and moral autonomy in an effort to justify the use of scientific (behavioral) methods in improving society.【心愿单暂缺此书】
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(1人评价)
作者: Amartya Sen
出版社: Harvard University Press
出版年: 1997
评语:(1984, last edition 1997) develops an approach to economics that, instead of focusing on utility maximization, attempts to alleviate human suffering by redressing the poverty that results from economic mismanagement.【心愿单的为中文版】
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7.9 (56人评价)
作者: Eric Schlosser
出版社: Gardners Books
出版年: 2002-03-31
评语:Eric Schlosser’s Fast Food Nation (2001) details the massive impact that the U.S. fast food industry has had on people’s diets not just in the U.S. but also across the globe.
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9.6 (107人评价)
作者: Carl Sagan
出版社: Ballantine Books
出版年: 1985-10-12
评语:Carl Sagan’s Cosmos (1980), based on his wildly popular PBS series by the same name, inspired widespread interest in science while promoting the idea that nothing beyond the cosmos exists.
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8.0 (36人评价)
作者: Salman Rushdie
出版社: Random House Trade Paperbacks
出版年: 2008-3-11
评语:Salman Rushdie’s The Satanic Verses (1988), which led Iran’s Ayatollah Khomeini to issue a death edict (fatwa) against Rushdie, underscored the clash between Islamic fundamentalism and Western civilization.
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9.7 (221人评价)
作者: J.K.Rowling (author) / Jim Dale (reader)
出版社: Listening Library
出版年: September 17, 2007
评语:J. K. Rowling’s Harry Potter Series (seven volumes, 1997-2007), loved by children, panned by many literary critics, has nonetheless set the standard for contemporary children’s literature.
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9.2 (249人评价)
作者: John Rawls / [美国] 约翰·罗尔斯
出版社: Belknap Press
出版年: 1999-9-30
评语:John Rawls’ A Theory of Justice (1971, last edition 1999) is the most significant effort to date to resolve the problem of distributive justice and has formed the backdrop for public policy debates.【心愿单暂缺此书】
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8.5 (274人评价)
作者: Ayn Rand
出版社: Signet
出版年: 1992-3-3
评语:Ayn Rand’s Atlas Shrugged (1957) has become a key inspiration for conservative economics in challenging entitlements and promoting unimpeded markets.
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(9人评价)
作者: Roger Penrose
出版社: Oxford University Press
出版年: 1989
评语:Roger Penrose’s The Emperor’s New Mind (1988) provides a sweeping view of 20th century’s scientific advances while at the same time challenging the reductionism prevalent among many scientists.【心愿单暂缺此书】
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来自:豆瓣读书
(1人评价)
作者: National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States
出版社: Replica Books
出版年: 2004-07
评语:National Commission on Terrorist Attacks’ The 9/11 Commission Report (2004), though not the final statement on the 9/11 disaster, encapsulated the broader threat of terrorism in the new millennium.【心愿单的为中文版】
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(1人评价)
作者: Ralph Nader
出版社: Knightsbridge Pub Co Mass
出版年: 1991-03
评语:Ralph Nader’s Unsafe at Any Speed> (1965), attacking car industry’s lax safety standards, not only improved the safety of cars but also mainstreamed consumer protection (we take such protections for granted now).【心愿单暂缺此书】
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(4人评价)
作者: Abdelrahman Munif
出版社: Vintage
出版年: 1989-7-17
评语:Abdul Rahman Munif’s Cities of Salt (1984-89) is a quintet of novels in Arabic focusing on the psychological, sociological, and economic impact on the Middle East of oil.
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8.9 (815人评价)
作者: Toni Morrison
出版社: Vintage
出版年: 2004-6-8
评语:Toni Morrison’s novel Beloved (1987) provides a profound and moving reflection on the impact of American slavery.
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9.0 (64人评价)
作者: Alasdair MacIntyre
出版社: University of Notre Dame Press
出版年: 2007-3-1
评语:Alasdair McIntyre’s After Virtue (1981, last edition 2007) is one of the 20th century’s most important works of moral philosophy, critiquing the rationalism and irrationalism that pervade modern moral discourse.【心愿单暂缺此书】
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9.3 (426人评价)
作者: Gabriel Garcia Marquez
出版社: Penguin Classics
出版年: 2000-8-31
评语:Gabriel Garcia Marquez’s One Hundred Years of Solitude (1967), as an example magical realism, epitomizes the renaissance in Latin American literature.
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