进入正文之前，先看两个“What is Jazz”主题的短片。片子分别由美国国家历史博物馆和爵士林肯中心制作，来自学者和乐手的角度，阐述了爵士对于社会和个人的不同意义。马丁路德金曾说，“爵士是为生命代言的音乐。”也许更多时候并不需要说什么，看看文章结尾Mel Tormé和Ella Fitzgerald对唱的视频，你就会懂得，爵士是什么。
美国国家历史博物馆短片《What is Jazz? 》
There's no future without the past and anybody who doesn't really understand where Jazz has come from has no right to try to direct where it's going.
I never heard of a Jazz musician who retired. You love what you do, so what are you going to do... play for the walls?
The essentials of Jazz are: melodic improvisation, melodic invention, swing & instrumental personality.
If you have to ask what Jazz is, you'll never know.
I don't believe that Jazz will ever really die. It's a nice way to express yourself.
One of the things I like about Jazz, kid, is I don't know what's going to happen next. Do you?
Jazz washes away the dust of every day life.
When you are studying Jazz best thing to do is listen to records & live music as much you can & absorb everything.
I anticipated all the changes in Jazz because they were all problematical things, that I was dealing with myself.
Jazz is neither specific repertoire, nor academic exercise... but a way of life.
Is Jazz a rhythm, or is it a vibration?
A Jazz man should be saying what he feels: humor, sadness, joy... all the things that humans have.
Jazz is something you have to feel, something you have to live.
Jazz stands for freedom.
Certainly one of the more common experiences in the Jazz field is discovering someone new. Improvising musicians are capable of being musical travelers, voyagers. We want to join in on whatever we hear. There is a freedom to wander the musical landscape.
Jazz was not only built in the minds of the great ones, but on the backs of the ordinary ones.
Jazz music means many things to many people, but it's all about choices.
If it wasn't for hustlers, gangsters & gamblers there'd be no Jazz. Wasn't middle-class who said Let's go hear Bird tonight.
Jazz is an art that makes a person completely naked.
Jazz is the only music in which the same note can be played night after night but differently each time.
Jazz is a word they use to sell our music, but to me that word does not exist.
I never thought Jazz was meant to be a museum piece like other dead things once considered artistic.
Writing is like Jazz. It can be learned, but it can’t be taught.
I'm a jazz musician by education and vocation, but I don't think Jazz should [dictate] what I want to do.
Jazz singing is like pornography. You can't say what it is, but you know it when you see it.
By and large, Jazz has always been like the kind of a man you wouldn’t want your daughter to associate with.
Jazz music has always been a place where anything is possible.
Change is always happening. That's one of the wonderful things about Jazz music.
If you're making money people don't think you're playing Jazz. When you're not making money they think you're a great Jazz musician.
Rather than say I play Jazz, I simply say I play music.
Life is a lot like Jazz... it's best when you improvise.
Other than conversation, no other art form can give the satisfaction of spontaneous interaction like Jazz.
Jazz will be the classical music of the future.
Jazz is a state of mind. There's no boundaries.
Jazz will only go where we the composers and musicians take it. It is up to us.
Jazz is a beautiful word. I love it.
Jazz is music made by and for people who have chosen to feel good in spite of conditions.
Jazz is about being in the moment.
It's always Jazz. You can put a new dress on her, a new hat, but no matter what kind of clothes she's the same old broad.
Whenever there's a change with Jazz & its aesthetics, it's almost always reflected with a change in the culture.
Jazz is letting everybody do his or her thing with the music.
Jazz is an art form that depends on its antecedents. There must be respect for the people that have gone before.
As long as there are musicians who have a passion for spontaneity, for creating something thats never been before, the art form of Jazz will flourish.
If they want to improvise around a theme,which is the essence of Jazz, they should learn from the master. He never wastes a note, and he knows where every note is going and when to bring it back.
I prefer music where melody, harmony and rhythm come together and no one element overshadows the other. Jazz at its best is a democracy of creativity.
Jazz is one of the few things that you can go and listen to, I don't care where you're from, what you are, what background you come from - there's something there for you.
I always thought Jazz was like the trunk of a tree. After the tree has grown, many branches have spread out. They're all with different leaves and they all look beautiful. But at the end of the season, they fold back up and it's still the tree trunk.
Jazz has such great feeling & emotional content it really doesn't require technical understanding.
Jazz isn't like pop, where you sell millions of records with a hit. Your spirit and soul aren't important in pop music. But jazz is like classical music. If people like you, they'll remember you and you'll last forever.
Jazz is there and gone. It happens. You have to be present for it.
Jazz is restless. It won't stay put & it never will.
The greatest contribution Jazz has made in music has been to replace the role of the conductor with a member of the ensemble who, instead of waving his arms to keep time and convey mood, is an active member of the musical statement. That person is the drummer.
As long as there are people trying to play music in a sincere way, there will be Jazz.
Jazz is like wine. When it is new it's only for the experts, but when it gets older everybody wants it.
I don't like to look back because the whole point in Jazz is doing it now.
My music is Jazz.
Jazz is a music that allows a person to express his deepest, most personal self.
The reward for playing Jazz is playing Jazz.
A Jazz performance centers upon the process of creation. The final objective is not only the finished product, but the path & process taken towards it.
Jazz stresses less on technical exhibitionism & much more on emotional content.
Jazz is a music of freedom and wonder.
Jazz without the Blues is like BBQ without the sauce.
If you're in Jazz and more than ten people like you, you're labeled commercial.
Jazz is the continual pulsation of the now.
So much of Jazz doesn't have an audience other than music students or musicians.
At a time when individualism is becoming an endangered species, Jazz represents a celebration of the individual.
Jazz isn't the kind of music you're going to learn in 3 or 4 years or get because you have talent for music.
Blues is to Jazz what yeast is to bread; without it, it's flat.
Jazz is not something that can be defined through blunt instruments. It is much more poetic than that.
Jazz is one of the few things you can do in society to express yourself freely and creatively.
Jazz music is a language of the emotions.
I don't have a definition of Jazz. You're just supposed to know it when you hear it.
If a Jazz player is really playing, the classical player will have to respect him.
Jazz music is a style, not compositions; any kind of music may be played in Jazz if one has the knowledge.
Jazz is a music to be played & not to be intellectualized on.
Jazz music is haunted by its own hungry ghosts.
Jazz amounts to Blues, your unique sound and the elusive genius of improvisation.
It's the group sound that's important. You have to know the instruments & how to back them up. That's Jazz.
The wonderful thing about Jazz is its willingness to take chances.
Jazz is a music of surprise; its a music of spontaneity. I think jazz musicians live for being surprised and not knowing what's going to come next.
Jazz was home. It created a hunger within me.
If he's a true symphony artist, he knows better than that because he knows that the only truly creative musician is the Jazz musician.
Jazz is a democratic musical form. We take our respective instruments & collectively create a thing of beauty.
Jazz is the type of music that can absorb so many things & still be Jazz.
Jazz music has become academic. Sometimes that doesn't feel right to me.
Jazz was born out of the whiskey bottle, was raised on marijiana, and will expire on cocaine.
In order to play Jazz you have to live it. Those notes mean something. They don't just come from your brain, they come from your heart and soul too. And in order to have that heart and soul you have to experience life.
Music should not have any mandates. Jazz is not supposed to be something that is required to sound like jazz.
Jazz is not background music. You must concentrate in order to get the most out of it. You must absorb it.
Jazz is not just music, it's a way of life, it's a way of being, a way of thinking.
Jazz music just resonates with the frequency of me.
Jazz is America's classical music.
Jazz is very much alive. Everywhere I go there's a new generation of musicians playing Jazz music.
If you go back to the roots of Jazz, it was all about COLLECTIVE improvisation.
Jazz and love are the hardest things to describe from rationale.
The Jazz musician's function is to feel.
Jazz is not gonna be a dinosaur and stay around in one form.
Jazz isn't what you do; it's how you do it.
Jazz is like a telescope, and a lot of other music is like a microscope.
Jazz has an aesthetic intimacy, a romantic transference.
Many people forget that Jazz, no matter what form it takes, must come from the heart as well as the mind.
Ella Fitzgerald & Mel Torme - What
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