Extensive Reading - something about the three b...

王北鼻

来自: 王北鼻 2016-11-09 16:05:53

标题:Extensive Reading - something about the three branches of government
  • 王北鼻

    王北鼻 2016-11-09 16:11:01

    另外Annie还附上了三权分立的小学生介绍文。简洁易懂。作为附加知识放在这里吧。

    The Three Branches of Government

    Delegates at the Constitutional Convention also wanted to divide powerwithinthe federal government. They did not want these powers to be controlled by just one man or one group. The delegates were afraid that if a small group received too much power, the United States would wind up under the rule of another dictator or tyrant.

    To avoid the risk of dictatorship or tyranny, the group divided the new government into three parts, or branches: the executive branch, the legislative branch, and the judicial branch.

     Executive Branch:Headed by the president. The president carries out federal laws and recommends new ones, directs national defense and foreign policy, and performs ceremonial duties. Powers include directing government, commanding the Armed Forces, dealing with international powers, acting as chief law enforcement officer, and vetoing laws.

     Legislative Branch:Headed by Congress, which includes the House of Representatives and the Senate. The main task of these two bodies is to make the laws. Its powers include passing laws, originating spending bills (House), impeaching officials (Senate), and approving treaties (Senate).

     Judicial Branch:Headed by the Supreme Court. Its powers include interpreting the Constitution, reviewing laws, and deciding cases involving states' rights.

    想起之前看到新闻,今年美国最高法院一名大法官离奇死亡,怀疑是希拉里所为。原来最高法院权利这么大(本来还以为就是判案子..),所以才有谋害大法官重新解读枪支所有权一说啊..

  • 王北鼻

    王北鼻 2016-11-10 19:34:33

    P1
    confound: 1.mix up, confuse;
    2.suprise sb. so that they are unable to explain the situation
    e.g.1 The elderly man from Hull has confounded the doctors by recovering after he was officially declared dead.
    e.g.2. The singer confounded the critics with a remarkable follow-up album.

    P2
    the badge of innocence: When Adam and Eve got deceived by the serpent in the Garden of Eden to eat of the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil, they sinned for the first time as mankind and lost their innocence. When man was pure and innocent, he(they) was close to God and directly governed by God. But after that, they were governed by conscience and then by human government because of their vice. Here the “lost of innocence” is alluding to(implies) the biblical legend of the origin and development of human civilization.

    P4
    reciprocal: 1.n.mutual-benificial
    (2.numbers that, when multiplied by another number, results in 1)
    e.g. They expected a reciprocal gesture before more hostages could be freed.
    e.g. Originally, I speculated this effect to be reciprocal: Women who got what they wanted were more likely to indulge their patners’ wishes.

    P6
    trifling: small and unimportant.
    e.g. Trifling as the matter was, he instinctively felt that she was hurt by his oversight.
    e.g. These imbalances were not trifling.

    fidelity: loyalty, faithfulness
    e.g. How important do you think sexual fidelity is in a marriage?
    e.g. Natural style, however, should not be conquered at the expense of fidelity.

    P7
    dazzle: 1.impress
    2.bright light makes you unable to see properly for a short time
    e.g.1. You can dazzle him by your quick wit and aggressive charm.
    e.g.2. The lights of NY’s Time Square dazzled.

    P8
    boast: be too proudly of sth.
    e.g. Parents enjoy boasting about their children’s achievements.
    e.g. The town boasts a fine new library.

    overrun: be swarmed by a large number of another force.
    e.g. When the movie starts you see a deserted earth where garbage has completely overrun the planet and made life unsustainable.
    e.g. We’re forced to do it – forced to run the race, lest(以免) we be overrun by the memes(文化基因) of others – but we’ve reached the one practical limit: time.

    P9
    bewilder: confuse
    e.g. Those shifting attitudes bewildered me.
    e.g. Ghaddafi's remarks in the book are not only at odds with(different from) his actual style of rule, but often bewilder with their internal contradictions.

    P20
    formidable: sth./someone that’s large/powerful that frightens you
    e.g. She is a formidable figure who commands a great deal of respect .
    e.g. They tell us, sir, that we are weak -- unable to cope with so formidable an adversary.

    P22
    fetter: constrain, impede
    e.g. You may imprison my body, actually could not fetter my mind.
    e.g. This does not mean that we wish to fetter the trade union movement.

    obstinate: rock-headed, stubborn
    e.g. The trader was obstinate in the negotiation.
    e.g. Invading troops met with obstinate resistance by guerrilla forces.

  • 王北鼻

    王北鼻 2016-11-10 20:17:32

    P1 confound: 1.mix up, confuse; 2.suprise sb. so that they are unabl P1 confound: 1.mix up, confuse; 2.suprise sb. so that they are unable to explain the situation e.g.1 The elderly man from Hull has confounded the doctors by recovering after he was officially declared dead. e.g.2. The singer confounded the critics with a remarkable follow-up album. P2 the badge of innocence: When Adam and Eve got deceived by the serpent in the Garden of Eden to eat of the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil, they sinned for the first time as mankind and lost their innocence. When man was pure and innocent, he(they) was close to God and directly governed by God. But after that, they were governed by conscience and then by human government because of their vice. Here the “lost of innocence” is alluding to(implies) the biblical legend of the origin and development of human civilization. P4 reciprocal: 1.n.mutual-benificial (2.numbers that, when multiplied by another number, results in 1) e.g. They expected a reciprocal gesture before more hostages could be freed. e.g. Originally, I speculated this effect to be reciprocal: Women who got what they wanted were more likely to indulge their patners’ wishes. P6 trifling: small and unimportant. e.g. Trifling as the matter was, he instinctively felt that she was hurt by his oversight. e.g. These imbalances were not trifling. fidelity: loyalty, faithfulness e.g. How important do you think sexual fidelity is in a marriage? e.g. Natural style, however, should not be conquered at the expense of fidelity. P7 dazzle: 1.impress 2.bright light makes you unable to see properly for a short time e.g.1. You can dazzle him by your quick wit and aggressive charm. e.g.2. The lights of NY’s Time Square dazzled. P8 boast: be too proudly of sth. e.g. Parents enjoy boasting about their children’s achievements. e.g. The town boasts a fine new library. overrun: be swarmed by a large number of another force. e.g. When the movie starts you see a deserted earth where garbage has completely overrun the planet and made life unsustainable. e.g. We’re forced to do it – forced to run the race, lest(以免) we be overrun by the memes(文化基因) of others – but we’ve reached the one practical limit: time. P9 bewilder: confuse e.g. Those shifting attitudes bewildered me. e.g. Ghaddafi's remarks in the book are not only at odds with(different from) his actual style of rule, but often bewilder with their internal contradictions. P20 formidable: sth./someone that’s large/powerful that frightens you e.g. She is a formidable figure who commands a great deal of respect . e.g. They tell us, sir, that we are weak -- unable to cope with so formidable an adversary. P22 fetter: constrain, impede e.g. You may imprison my body, actually could not fetter my mind. e.g. This does not mean that we wish to fetter the trade union movement. obstinate: rock-headed, stubborn e.g. The trader was obstinate in the negotiation. e.g. Invading troops met with obstinate resistance by guerrilla forces. ... 王北鼻

    今天的精读笔记(当然除了句子分析没有放上来,在原上做的批注异常的多?),还有些不属于常用词也没有重点批注。

    做完发现原来这篇文章也没有昨天一眼看上去那么难,主要还是不熟悉古英语语法结构导致读起来很吃力。

    高速泛读总会遇到很多阻碍,明天起开始" On writing well",翻了几章好像没什么难度,果然对craft manual来说反复消化才是最重要的。这本书已经听几位大咖推荐过了,明天起重回冬夜读书的好习惯?

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