编辑：Chiyuki 主播：A&B 导播： 编导：文汇
A: Welcome to our Shining Time. I’m Chiyuki..
B: I’m B. This time we come to talk about something about a ball.
A: A ball? Do you mean a ball game?
B: Certainly no, ball has another meaning which is regarded to dance.
B: 说到dance这个词，不如我们先来学一个短语吧，dance to another tune。 Dance to another tune如果直译就是: 跟著另一支曲子起舞。大家也许猜得到这个习惯用语是用来比喻改变以往的作为和态度的。
Before he got married, Joe used to be really wild. he spent all his salary going out and having a good time. But he's dancing to another tune now with his beautiful wife Sally and two kids.
Joe从一个浪荡公子变为安于家庭生活的人。这是个很大的改变，所以dance to another tune解释一改以往作风。它的意思相当于中国成语"改弦易辙。"
B: 由ball一词衍生的ballet，有芭蕾舞之意，但是在某些俗语中，你听”seeing you do ballet”，意思是：破坏了我所有的浪漫情绪。
A: 在看过ball之后，让我们来看看有关dance的俗语，“dance to other peoples' tunes”，是不听别人指挥的意思，For example： I could say that my parents always wanted me to be a doctor, but I refused to dance to their tune. 我只能说我的父母总是想让我学医，但是我不要他们的指挥。Now，let us listen to something about dance.
B: Dance categories by number of interacting dancers are mainly solo dance, partner dance and group dance. Dance is performed for various purposes like ceremonial dance, erotic dance, performance dance, social dance etc. Many early forms of music and dance were created and performed together. This paired development has continued through the ages with dance/music forms such as: jig, waltz, tango, disco, salsa, electronica and hip-hop. Some musical genres have a parallel dance form such as baroque music and baroque dance; others, such as classical music and classical ballet, developed separately.
B:Although dance is often accompanied by music, it can also be presented independently or provide its own accompaniment (tap dance). Dance presented with music may or may not be performed in time to the music depending on the style of dance. Dance performed without music is said to be danced to its own rhythm.
B: When we come to say something about dance or ball, waltz and ballet are always two kind of dance people mentioned regularly. Do you know that dancing is good for your health?
A: Dancing is good exercise. Now a study shows it can improve the health and quality of life of people with mild to moderate heart failure. Heart failure is not the same as a heart attack or heart stoppage. It means the heart is weakened and cannot pump blood normally. As a result, blood and fluid collect in the lungs and fluid builds up in the feet and legs.
B:This condition develops over time. In the United States, heart failure is a cause or the cause of about three hundred thousand deaths each year， So says the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. People with heart failure get tired and short of breath easily. Daily activities become difficult. But their doctors may want them to perform aerobic exercise at least three times a week. Aerobic exercise is activity that makes the heart and lungs work harder and increases oxygen use. Many patients, though, lose interest in traditional programs of exercise training.
A:So researchers tested the effects of dancing. They chose waltz dancing because it is internationally known. They presented the study at a recent meeting of the American Heart Association.
Doctor Romualdo at Heart Institute Italy, led the study. It involved eighty-nine men and twenty-one women with mild to moderate heart failure. The average age was fifty-nine.
B：One group of forty-four people took part in a supervised program of riding exercise bicycles and walking on treadmills three times a week.
（Nothing on me 3‘45）
Forty-four others danced three times a week. Each time, they danced a combination of slow waltzes and fast waltzes for twenty-one minutes. A third group with twenty-two people did not exercise. All three groups were observed for eight weeks.
The study found improved oxygen use in both the dance and exercise groups, so the people got tired less easily. The dancers showed an eighteen percent improvement. In the exercise group, it was sixteen percent. The group that did not exercise had no improvement.
A: The researchers say the findings were the same as an earlier study of slow and fast waltzing. That study showed it was safe for patients with heart disease and a history of heart attacks. Doctor Belardinelli says doctors have to find something that may capture the interest of patients. He says exercise should be fun, so people will want to continue for a lifetime.
B: Then, let’s go into another kind of dance ballet.
Ballet is a formalized kind of dance performance with a rich and interesting history. The word "ballet" comes from the French language, and is based on the Italian word "balletto." "Balletto" means a little dance. Ballet's early roots began in Italy in the late fourteen hundreds. But it was in France that ballet developed into the form we know today.
The French ruler Louis the Fourteenth had a big influence on the direction of ballet in its early history. He ruled France for seventy-two years, starting in sixteen forty-three. He started dancing as a boy and worked hard at it daily. He performed in long and complex ballets.
Louis the Fourteenth turned ballet into a form of dance that reflected his power and influence. Ballet's many rules and extremely detailed movements expressed a person's power and social relations. The king made sure that ballet became a requirement for the people of his court. He also started the Royal Academy of Dance, where important people could learn this art. The aim of this dance was self-control, order and perfection.
Louis the Fourteenth's ballet teacher Pierre Beauchamps created a way to write down the dance steps for ballet. He helped to write out a system of rules for how the body should move during dance. These include the five positions of the body, which are still the foundation for all ballet moves today. Many ballet steps are French words because of ballet's important history in France. Ballet slowly changed from a dance performed at the king's court to one performed by professional dancers. By the time of Louis the Fourteenth's death in seventeen fifteen, ballet had spread to other parts of Europe and was evolving in other ways.
Jennifer Homans is the dance critic for the New Republic magazine. She is also a historian who teaches at New York University in New York City. In two thousand ten she published a book on ballet called "Apollo's Angels: A History of Ballet." She knows this subject well because she started her career as a ballet dancer.
Ms. Homans' book is extremely detailed. She spent about ten years researching and writing the book. It shows how ballet changed over time. These changes are similar to the changing ideas about society, men and women's roles, clothing and the ideals and limits of the human body.
She begins her book with an explanation of how the earliest forms of ballet began in Italy. This ballet was a kind of social dance that was performed during special occasions.
A: Today we’ve talked a lot about the ball. I hope after this program you can use two idioms in the daily life and no more about foreign life.
Well, that’s all for today’s shining time. I’m A.
B: I’m B.