H.L.A.  Hart

H.L.A. Hart

   

创建于2007-08-08     组长:Blade King

H.L.A. (Herbert) Hart (1907-1992)

was the son of a Jewish tailor of Polish and German descent. He was educated at Bradford Grammar School and New College Oxford, where he obtained a brilliant first class in Classical Greats. He practised at the Chancery Bar from 1932 to 1940 along with Richard (later Lord) Wilberforce. During the war, being unfit for active service, he worked in MI5. During this time his interests returned to philosophy and in 1945 he was appointed philosophy tutor at New College. He was strongly influenced by the linguistic philosophy then current in Oxford, but employed its techniques more constructively than did most members of the movement. In 1952, given his chancery background, he was persuaded by J.L. Austin to be a candidate for the Oxford chair of Jurisprudence when Professor Arthur Goodhart resigned. He was elected and held the chair until 1969.

From 1952 on he delivered the undergraduate lectures that turned into The Concept of Law (1961, posthumous second edition 1994). He also lectured on right and duties, but these lectures were never published. He held seminars with Tony Honoré on causation, leading to their joint work Causation in the Law (1959, second edition 1985). His visit to Harvard in 1956-7 led to his Holmes lecture on 'Positivism and the Separation of Law and Morals' (1958) and a famous controversy with Lon Fuller. Returning to the UK he engaged in an equally famous debate with Patrick (later Lord) Devlin on the limits within which the criminal law should try to enforce morality. Hart published two books on the subject, Law, Liberty and Morality (1963) and The Morality of the Criminal Law (1965). A wider interest in criminal law, stimulated by Rupert (later Professor Sir Rupert) Cross was signalled by his 'Prolegomenon to the Principles of Punishment' (1959). Nine of his essays on the criminal law were collected in Punishment and Responsibility (1968). In 1968 he was asked by Oxford University to chair a commission on relations with junior members, then at a low ebb, and produced a notably perceptive and constructive report.

Feeling that his powers were waning Hart resigned his chair in 1969, to be succeeded by Ronald Dworkin, a severe critic of his legal philosophy. He now devoted himself mainly to the study of Bentham, whom, along with Kelsen, he regarded as the most important legal philosopher of modern times. Ten of his essays were collected in Essays on Bentham (1982). From 1973 to 1978 he was Principal of Brasenose College. In his last years he was much concerned to find a convincing reply to Dworkin's criticisms of his version of legal positivism. A sketch of Hart's reply is to be found in the postscript to the second edition of The Concept of Law.

Hart's main aim as a lecturer and writer was to tell the truth and be clear. He was the most widely read British legal philosopher of the twentieth century and his work will continue to be a focus of discussion.



legal philosophy in oxford:http://www.law.ox.ac.uk/jurisprudence/index.shtml
Oxford's Jurisprudence Discussion Group:http://users.ox.ac.uk/~univ1907/jdg/index.htm
讨论作者回应最后回应
[置顶]   支振锋:百年哈特——哈特法律思想及研究的主要文献 [已注销] 2008-07-12
法律的概念 有人要转让么 威廉王 1 2011-05-18
《法律理论》电子杂志发刊词 在远方写作 2011-05-09
求解释哈特新分析实证主义法学对中国的影响 深蓝 2 2011-03-17
庄世同:論法律原則的地位 [已注销] 1 2011-02-26
徐爱国:哈特《法律的概念》导读 [已注销] 1 2011-02-23
谌洪果:从命令论到规则观:哈特与奥斯丁之间的学... [已注销] 2 2011-02-23
哈特与德富林论战的焦点 vrigin 2010-11-13
Hart之承认规则到底性质如何? zhong_cupl 2 2010-06-19
清华法学院明理先锋论坛要开始啦!~ 子不语 2010-03-25
金自宁:法律如何整体性阐释? [已注销] 4 2009-06-20
王旭、俞静贤等:《法律的概念》与法律的概念——... [已注销] 2008-08-12
王本存:规则抑或原则:哈特与德沃金 [已注销] 2008-08-12
程苗:哈特的方法论解读——读《方法论》 [已注销] 2008-08-12
沈映涵:哈特与法律的诸种概念——德沃金评《哈特... [已注销] 2008-08-12
沈映涵:哈特的贡献——评《现代实证主义:H.L.A.H... [已注销] 2008-08-12
郑强:关于哈特法律思想的比较研究 [已注销] 2008-08-12
强世功:哈特与富勒的论战:一场表演 [已注销] 2008-08-12
剑桥大学举办“哈特的遗产”学术研讨会 [已注销] 7 2008-07-15
kelsen:论基础规范* [已注销] 2008-07-12
“概念”第七章的地位 zhong_cupl 2008-01-14
俞静贤:法概念与法律的规范性——以凯尔森为中心... [已注销] 2007-11-15
谌洪果:法律实证主义的功利主义自由观:从边沁到哈特 [已注销] 2007-11-15
陈林林:“正义科学”之道德祭品——极权统治阴影... [已注销] 2007-11-15
Raz:法律实证主义与法律渊源 [已注销] 2007-08-19
戚渊:法理学·法律论证·法学方法 [已注销] 2007-08-10
谌洪果:通过语言体察法律现象:哈特与日常语言分... [已注销] 2007-08-10
Kaufman:近代法律方法学说之历史发展 [已注销] 2007-08-10
Charles.Jablon:法官是说谎者吗?——对德沃金《... [已注销] 2007-08-10
Dworkin:我们的法官必须成为哲学家吗?他们能成为... [已注销] 2007-08-10
泮伟江:审议式民主与法律实证主义(“新法学读书... [已注销] 2007-08-10
乌尔弗里德.诺伊曼:法效力的问题 [已注销] 2007-08-10
龙卫球:法律主体预定理论之实证分析 [已注销] 2007-08-10
W.N.Hefeierde:司法[w1] 推理中应用的基本法律概念 [已注销] 2007-08-10
Stefano·Beiertaie:论法律实证主义对于维特根斯... [已注销] 2007-08-10
王涌:分析法学与民法方法论 [已注销] 2007-08-10
Kelsen:法律解释问题 [已注销] 2007-08-10
kelsen:纯粹法理论与分析法学 [已注销] 2007-08-10
Kelsen:法律缘何应被遵守? [已注销] 2007-08-10
Kelsen:何为正义? [已注销] 2007-08-10
刘星:重读奥斯丁的《法理学的范围》 [已注销] 2007-08-10
Raz:以规则来推理 [已注销] 2007-08-10
Raz:纯粹理论的纯粹性? [已注销] 2007-08-10
Hart:耶林的概念天国与现代分析法学 [已注销] 2007-08-10
Hart:法律推理问题 [已注销] 2007-08-10
Anthony.J. Sebake:在承认规则的核心发现维特根斯坦 [已注销] 2007-08-09
沈宗灵:评介哈特《法律的概念》一书的“附录”—... [已注销] 2007-08-09
Himma:分析法学 [已注销] 2007-08-09
林立:试以哈特的分析法学解决法律哲学三大难题 [已注销] 2007-08-09
邱昭继:哈特论语言的“开放结构”与法律的确定性 [已注销] 2007-08-09
Robert.S.Summers:哈特论正义 [已注销] 2007-08-09

友情小组

最近加入

这个小组的成员也喜欢去

  • >